Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus. By definition, it does not include the fallopian tubes or ovaries. The removal of the fallopian tubes is called a salpingectomy. The removal of ovaries is called an oophorectomy. Your physician can help decide if removing your tubes and ovaries is necessary at the time of a hysterectomy. After a hysterectomy, you no longer have periods and cannot become pregnant.
• Abdominal Hysterectomy – the surgeon makes a cut in the abdominal wall to expose the ligaments and blood vessels around the uterus. The ligaments and blood vessels are separated and tied off so they won’t bleed. The uterus and cervix are removed from the body. The top of the vagina is repaired by sewing it closed, so a hole is not left.
• Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy – minimally invasive surgery to remove your uterus. Tiny incisions in the abdominal wall provide access to the camera and other surgical instruments. The uterus is usually removed through the vagina, and the top of the vagina is then stitched together.